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Spring boot 集成ElasticSearch

Spring boot 集成ElasticSearch

第一步Spring boot集成ELasticSearch

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
        <exclusions>
            <exclusion>
                <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
                <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
            </exclusion>
        </exclusions>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
        <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
        <version>1.2.68</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Spring boot集成ElasticSearch主要依赖

spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch    

这里需要大家特别注意自己使用的ElasticSearch的版本 是否和自己的版本一致

我这里是使用的最新的ElasticSearch 7.8.0

需要配置版本

<properties>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    <elasticsearch.version>7.8.0</elasticsearch.version>
</properties>

第二步Spring boot中配置ElasticSearch

创建一个ElasticSearchConfig的类,配置在下ElasticSearch的高级客户端api

import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RestClient;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RestHighLevelClient;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * Elasticsearch 配置
 */
@Configuration
public class ElasticSearchConfig {

    @Bean
    public RestHighLevelClient restHighLevelClient(){//配置rest客户端
        RestHighLevelClient client = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(
                        new HttpHost("192.168.1.187", 9200, "http")));
        return client;
    }
}

注意:这里可以配置多个ElasticSearch 只需要创建多个HttpPost即可

第三步 创建操作的实体Bean(我创建的是UserItemBean)

这个实体主要是使用ElasticSearch进行接口操作的实体

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class UserItemBean {
    //用户名
    private String userName;
    //age
    private int age;

    public UserItemBean() {

    }

    public UserItemBean(String name, int age) {
        this.userName = name;
        this.age = age;
    }

    public String getUserName() {
        return userName;
    }

    public void setUserName(String userName) {
        this.userName = userName;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "UserItemBean{" +
                "userName='" + userName + '\'' +
                ", age='" + age + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

第四步 使用ElasticSearch的API进行测试

我这里为了方便简单,我这里直接在Springboot的test中进行测试

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.zdltech.zdlesapi.bean.UserItemBean;
import org.elasticsearch.action.admin.indices.delete.DeleteIndexRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.bulk.BulkRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.bulk.BulkResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.delete.DeleteRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.delete.DeleteResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.get.GetRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.get.GetResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.index.IndexRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.index.IndexResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.search.SearchRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.search.SearchResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.support.master.AcknowledgedResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.action.update.UpdateRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.action.update.UpdateResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RequestOptions;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RestHighLevelClient;
import org.elasticsearch.client.indices.CreateIndexRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.client.indices.CreateIndexResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.client.indices.GetIndexRequest;
import org.elasticsearch.common.unit.TimeValue;
import org.elasticsearch.common.xcontent.XContentType;
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.QueryBuilders;
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.TermsQueryBuilder;
import org.elasticsearch.search.SearchHit;
import org.elasticsearch.search.builder.SearchSourceBuilder;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;


/**
 * API 7.8.0  api接口测试
 */
@SpringBootTest
class ZdlEsApiApplicationTests {
    @Autowired
    private RestHighLevelClient restHighLevelClient;

    @Test
    void contextLoads() {
    }

    /**
     * 索引创建 Request
     */

    @Test
    void testCreateIndex() {
        //创建请求
        CreateIndexRequest createIndexRequest = new CreateIndexRequest("zdljava1");
        // 客户端执行请求
        try {
            CreateIndexResponse createIndexResponse = restHighLevelClient.indices().create(createIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(createIndexResponse);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获取索引
     */
    @Test
    void testExistIndex() {
        //创建索引请求
        GetIndexRequest getIndexRequest = new GetIndexRequest("zdljava1");
        // 客户端执行请求
        boolean exists = false;
        try {
            exists = restHighLevelClient.indices().exists(getIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        System.out.println(exists);
    }

    /**
     * 删除索引
     */
    @Test
    void testDeleteIndex() {
        //创建删除索引请求
        DeleteIndexRequest deleteIndexRequest = new DeleteIndexRequest("zdljava1");
        //客户端执行请求
        try {
            AcknowledgedResponse delete = restHighLevelClient.indices().delete(deleteIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(delete.isAcknowledged());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    /**
     * 添加文档
     */
    @Test
    void testAddDocument() {
        //创建对象
        UserItemBean itemBean = new UserItemBean("张东领", 30);
        //创建请求
        IndexRequest indexRequest = new IndexRequest("zdljava1");//相当于数据库
        //设置规格
        indexRequest.id("1");//文档 相当于 表
        indexRequest.timeout(TimeValue.timeValueSeconds(1));
        //设置数据
        indexRequest.source(JSON.toJSONString(itemBean), XContentType.JSON);
        // 客户端执行请求
        try {
            IndexResponse indexResponse = restHighLevelClient.index(indexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(indexResponse);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(indexResponse));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获取文档
     */

    @Test
    void testGetDocument() {
        //构建请求参数
        GetRequest getRequest = new GetRequest("zdljava1", "1");
        try {
            boolean exists = restHighLevelClient.exists(getRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(exists);
            GetResponse documentFields = restHighLevelClient.get(getRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(documentFields));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 更新文档
     */
    @Test
    void testUpdateDocument() {
        //构建请求
        UpdateRequest updateRequest = new UpdateRequest("zdljava1", "1");
        updateRequest.timeout("1s");
        UserItemBean userItemBean = new UserItemBean("张东领01", 33);
        updateRequest.doc(JSON.toJSONString(userItemBean), XContentType.JSON);
        try {
            UpdateResponse updateResponse = restHighLevelClient.update(updateRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(updateResponse));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

    /**
     * 删除文档
     */
    @Test
    void testDeleteDocument() {
        //构建请求
        DeleteRequest request = new DeleteRequest("zdljava1");
        request.id("1");
        request.timeout("1s");
        //客户端执行请求
        try {
            DeleteResponse deleteResponse = restHighLevelClient.delete(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(deleteResponse));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 批量
     */
    @Test
    void testBRequest() {
        BulkRequest request = new BulkRequest();
        request.timeout("10s");
        ArrayList<UserItemBean> data = new ArrayList<>();
        data.add(new UserItemBean("zhangsan", 6));
        data.add(new UserItemBean("lisi", 18));
        data.add(new UserItemBean("wangwu", 1000));
        data.add(new UserItemBean("liuche", 890));

        for (int i = 0; i < data.size(); i++) {
            request.add(
                    new IndexRequest("zdljava1").id("" + (i + 5)).source(JSON.toJSONString(data.get(i)), XContentType.JSON)
            );
        }
        try {
            BulkResponse bulkItemResponses = restHighLevelClient.bulk(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(bulkItemResponses));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

    /**
     * 查询
     */
    @Test
    void testSearchRequest(){
        SearchRequest searchRequest = new SearchRequest("zdljava1");
        //构建搜索条件
        SearchSourceBuilder searchSourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        searchSourceBuilder.highlighter();
        // 搜索Query
        TermsQueryBuilder termsQueryBuilder = QueryBuilders.termsQuery("userName.keyword", "张三","李四");
//        TermsQueryBuilder termsQueryBuilder = QueryBuilders.termsQuery("userName", "zhangsan","lisi");
//        QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery();
        searchSourceBuilder.query(termsQueryBuilder);
        searchSourceBuilder.timeout(TimeValue.timeValueSeconds(60));

        searchRequest.source(searchSourceBuilder);

        try {
            SearchResponse searchResponse = restHighLevelClient.search(searchRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
            System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(searchResponse));

            for (SearchHit item: searchResponse.getHits().getHits()) {
                System.out.println("================");
                System.out.println(item.getSourceAsMap());
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

这里就是整个Spring boot集成ElasticSearch,并使用API进行ElasticSearch的数据操作

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